Lower back pain can have various causes, and it's often the result of a combination of factors.
Overuse, lifting heavy objects improperly, or sudden movements can strain or sprain the muscles and ligaments in the lower back.
Muscle Strain or Sprain:
The rupture or bulging of an intervertebral disc can irritate nearby nerves, leading to lower back pain.
The natural aging process can cause the discs between the vertebrae to degenerate, leading to reduced cushioning and increased friction, resulting in pain.
Degenerative Disc Disease:
Narrowing of the spinal canal can put pressure on the spinal cord and nerves, causing pain in the lower back.
Compression or irritation of the sciatic nerve, often caused by a herniated disc or bone spur, can lead to lower back pain that radiates down the leg.
Wear and tear on the joints in the spine can result in osteoarthritis, causing pain and stiffness in the lower back.
Abnormal curvature of the spine can lead to lower back pain, especially if the curvature is severe.
Accidents, falls, or other trauma can cause fractures, sprains, or other injuries to the spine, resulting in lower back pain.
Injuries and Trauma:
Prolonged periods of sitting or standing with improper posture can strain the lower back muscles and contribute to pain.
Obesity, lack of exercise, and smoking can contribute to lower back pain. These factors can affect overall health and the strength of the musculoskeletal system.