Declarative Sentence (Statement) makes a statement, states a fact or an argument and ends with a full stop/period. It declares something, as it is named appropriately. Declarative sentences are the most common type of sentences in the English language. They state the facts and let the reader know something specific.
A declarative sentence is in the form of the present tense and expresses a direct statement. The declarative sentences can be simple or compound. A simple one consists of a subject and a predicate. Here are some examples of simple declarative sentences.
- Her cat is black.
- I love pizza.
- The car is black.
- She likes climbing.
- He is ten years old.
A compound declarative sentence formed by joining two related phrases together. The phrases are joined by a comma (,) and a conjunction such as and, but, or yet. The phrases can also be joined by a semicolon (;), with or without a transition word such as besides, however, or therefore. Here are some examples of compound declarative sentences.
- She wanted to play football, but he wanted to play basketball.
- Marie loves the beach, yet she hates sand.
- He plays the piano, and she sings along.
For conversation and writing purposes, declarative sentences are the building blocks. To make a command or an exclamation, to ask a question you would use a different type of sentence: imperative, exclamatory or interrogative.
Imperative sentences can either end with a period or exclamation point. They are used to express a command or a polite request.
Example: Please sit down! Declarative: He sits down.
In declarative and exclamatory sentences the same words may be used but the punctuation is different. The exclamation point gives the sentence feelings, expresses excitement or emotion. They end with an exclamation mark (!).
Example: He is tired! Declarative: He is tired.
Interrogative sentences are the questions that are asked to obtain information. They end with a question mark (?).
Example: Did she eat lunch? Declarative: She ate lunch.
Examples of Declarative Sentences
The following are some examples of declarative sentences. All declarative sentences are informative statements. They end in a period and can also express an opinion.
- He leaves for college tomorrow morning.
- She wears pink nail polish.
- She loves her cat.
- She is my best friend.
- My shoes were brand new, and now they are missing.
- The dog chased the girl.
- His brother is sick; therefore, he is not at school today.
- He loves the mountains; she hates the long drive.
- Her new dress is black and white.
- My sister loves to run, but my brother prefers to walk.
- His phone is missing.
- The baby is hungry; he is eagerly drinking a bottle of milk.
- There are two million people at risk.
- He asked whether I liked his shirt.